From the Télécoms Sans Frontières site:
Pau, 3 July 2008 – Ten years ago, Télécoms Sans Frontières (TSF), the first humanitarian organization specialized in emergency telecommunications was born.
The idea for Télécoms Sans Frontières was the result of a simple observation made after many years’ experience with general humanitarian charities, based on listening to those in need. During missions responding to the crisis in the Balkans and in Kurdistan during the 1st Gulf War, TSF’s founders realized that, in addition to medical and food aid, there was a critical need for reliable emergency telecommunications services. Conflicts and emergencies often led to massive civilian displacement and separated families. And affected populations are often left with no communications infrastructure in place to find assistance and loved ones.